The People of Sierra Leone

The People of Sierra Leone

Sierra Leonean People

Population: 6,440,053 (July 2009 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 44.5% (male 1,407,226/female 1,460,366) 15-64 years: 52.2% (male 1,613,554/female 1,750,250) 65 years and over: 3.2% (male 95,533/female 113,124) (2009 est.)

Median age: total: 17.5 years male: 17.2 years female: 17.8 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.282% (2009 est.)

Death rate: 22.26 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population note: refugees currently in surrounding countries are slowly returning (2009 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 0.96 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 154.43 deaths/1,000 live births male: 171.57 deaths/1,000 live births female: 136.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 41.24 years male: 38.92 years female: 43.64 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5.88 children born/woman (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.7% (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 55,000 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths: 3,300 (2007 est.)

Nationality: noun: Sierra Leonean(s) adjective: Sierra Leonean

Ethnic groups: 20 African ethnic groups 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians

Religions: Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%

Languages: English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic total population: 35.1% male: 46.9% female: 24.4% (2004 est.)

Facts, Flags, Maps for all the world's countries
The information here has been derived from Public Domain Sources such as the CIA World Factbook. No liability can be taken for any inaccuracies. You can use the maps, flags and facts presented here however you choose.