The People of Gabon

The People of Gabon

Gabonese People

Population: 1,514,993 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.1% (male 320,414/female 318,027) 15-64 years: 53.9% (male 407,461/female 409,633) 65 years and over: 3.9% (male 24,799/female 34,659) (2009 est.)

Median age: total: 18.6 years male: 18.4 years female: 18.9 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.934% (2009 est.)

Death rate: 12.59 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate: -3.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 51.78 deaths/1,000 live births male: 60.17 deaths/1,000 live births female: 43.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 53.11 years male: 52.19 years female: 54.05 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.65 children born/woman (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 5.9% (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 49,000 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths: 2,300 (2007 est.)

Nationality: noun: Gabonese (singular and plural) adjective: Gabonese

Ethnic groups: Bantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba); other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality

Religions: Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%

Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 63.2% male: 73.7% female: 53.3% (1995 est.)

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