The Economy of Gabon

The Economy of Gabon

Gabonese Economy

Economy - overview: Gabon enjoys a per capita income four times that of most sub-Saharan African nations, but because of high income inequality, a large proportion of the population remains poor. Gabon depended on timber and manganese until oil was discovered offshore in the early 1970s. The oil sector now accounts for more than 50% of GDP. Gabon continues to face fluctuating prices for its oil, timber, and manganese exports. Despite the abundance of natural wealth, poor fiscal management hobbles the economy. In 1997, an IMF mission to Gabon criticized the government for overspending on off-budget items, overborrowing from the central bank, and slipping on its schedule for privatization and administrative reform. The rebound of oil prices since 1999 have helped growth, but drops in production have hampered Gabon from fully realizing potential gains, and will continue to temper the gains for most of this decade. In December 2000, Gabon signed a new agreement with the Paris Club to reschedule its official debt. A follow-up bilateral repayment agreement with the US was signed in December 2001. Gabon signed a 14-month Stand-By Arrangement with the IMF in May 2007, and received Paris Club debt rescheduling later that year.


GDP - real growth rate: 3.6% (2008 est.) 5.6% (2007 est.) 1.2% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita:

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 5.7% industry: 57.2% services: 37% (2008 est.)

Population below poverty line:

Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%

Distribution of family income - Gini index:

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

Labor force: 592,000 (2008 est.)

Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 60% industry: 15% services: 25% (2000 est.)

Unemployment rate: 21% (2006 est.)

Budget: revenues: $4.463 billion expenditures: $2.746 billion (2008 est.)

Industries: petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement

Industrial production growth rate: 1.5% (2008 est.)

Electricity - production: 1.671 billion kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - production by source:

Electricity - consumption: 1.365 billion kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)

Oil - production: 243,900 bbl/day (2007 est.)

Oil - consumption: 13,170 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil - exports: 255,500 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - imports: 2,485 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - proved reserves: 2 billion bbl (1 January 2008 est.)

Natural gas - production: 100 million cu m (2006 est.)

Natural gas - consumption: 100 million cu m (2006 est.)

Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves: 28.32 billion cu m (1 January 2008 est.)

Agriculture - products: cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber; cattle; okoume (a tropical softwood); fish

Exports: $9.743 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Exports - commodities: crude oil 70%, timber, manganese, uranium (2001)

Exports - partners: US 32.5%, China 15.8%, France 9.4%, Malaysia 6%, Trinidad and Tobago 5% (2007)

Imports: $2.83 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, construction materials

Imports - partners: France 27.7%, US 19.1%, Belgium 5.4%, Netherlands 4.7%, China 4.1% (2007)

Debt - external: $3.173 billion (31 December 2008 est.)

Economic aid - recipient:


Currency code:

Exchange rates: Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF) per US dollar - 447.81 (2008 est.), 481.83 (2007), 522.89 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004) note: since 1 January 1999, the Central African CFA franc (XAF) has been pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 CFA francs per euro; Central African CFA franc (XAF) coins and banknotes are not accepted in countries using West African CFA francs (XOF), and vice versa, even though the two currencies trade at par

Fiscal year:

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